Young girl playing sitting volleyball

The 2023 Turnstone Endeavor Games will offer eight sport competitions. All sports, unless otherwise noted, will follow the rules and regulations of the National Governing Body for that specific sport.

 
Man shooting archery
Archery

Outdoor Archery is open to athletes with a physical impairment, who may shoot with assistive devices allowed under classification rules, if required. The Turnstone Endeavor Games will shoot at the following distances: 30m, 50m and 70m. The Turnstone Endeavor Games will not provide equipment for outdoor archery; you must bring your own. Medals will be awarded to 1st, 2nd and 3rd place winners for the following categories: age divisions, classification and gender.

Man shooting air rifle
Air Rifle Shooting

Air Rifle Shooting is a test of accuracy and control, in which competitors use air rifles to fire a series of shots at a stationary target. The Turnstone Endeavor Games shooting competition will have two different levels: novice and competitive. The classifications for shooting are as follows: SH1 (shooters able to support a firearm without a stand) and SH2 (shooters requiring a firearm support to shoot) are the two Paralympic categories. Medals will be awarded for the 1st, 2nd and 3rd place winners for the following categories: classification, level, gender and ages 18 and under or 19+.

 
 
Man and woman playing boccia
Boccia

Boccia is a game of strategy and accuracy that was originally designed to be played by people with cerebral palsy, but now, the sport includes athletes withe impairments that affect motor skills. The sport is played on a flat, smooth surface, where players must throw or roll colored balls as close as possible to a white target ball, known as the "jack." The player, pair or team with the most balls near the jack is the winner. The individual and pair matches consist of four ends, while the team matches have six ends. After each end, the athlete, pair or team with the ball closest to the jack receive one point, and an additional point for every ball that is closer to the jack than the opponent's. Each athlete, pair or team "throws" six balls per end. Medals will be awarded to the 1st, 2nd and 3rd place winners for the following categories: ages 5-12, 13-18, 19-90 and by gender.

Female amputee swimming
Swimming

The Swimming competition at the Turnstone Endeavor Games will consist of the following events: 25, 50 and 100 meter backstroke; 25, 50 and 100 meter breaststroke; 25, 50 and 100 meter butterfly; 25, 50, 200 and 500 meter freestyle; and 75, 100 and 200 meter individual medley. Medals will be awarded to the 1st, 2nd and 3rd place winners for the following categories: event, gender, classification, and ages 6 and under, 7-10, 11-13, 14-15, 16-18, 19-39, 40+.

 
 
Young girl playing sitting volleyball
Sitting Volleyball

In Sitting Volleyball, the net is about 3.5 feet high, and the court is 10 x 6 meters with a two-meter attack line. Players are allowed to block serves, but one "cheek" must be in contact with the floor whenever they make contact with the ball. Medals will be awarded to the 1st, 2nd and 3rd place winning teams. When registering, you may choose to sign up as a team or as an individual, if you sign up as an individual you will be placed on a team.

Men playing wheelchair basketball
Wheelchair Basketball

Wheelchair Basketball is designed specifically for individuals with physical disabilities. It is played on a standard basketball court and the same rules and scoring system apply. The Turnstone Endeavor Games has three brackets: youth (12 and under), junior (13-18) and adult (19 and up). Medals will be awarded to the 1st, 2nd and 3rd place winning teams for each age division. There is no classification for the Turnstone Endeavor games wheelchair basketball competition, and you do not have to have a sports wheelchair to play. Chairs will be available to use if needed. Wheelchair Basketball will be 3 on 3. Teams can have up to five members.

 
 
Girl running track
Track and Field

The rules of Paralympic Track and Field are almost identical to those of its non-disabled counterpart. Certain allowances are made to accommodate certain disabilities. For example, the blind and more severely visually impaired runners compete with guide runners, who are often attached by the wrist with a tether to the runner. The Turnstone Endeavor Games track and field competition is open to male and female athletes with physical disabilities such as short stature, amputation/limb loss, blindness/visual impairment, spinal cord injury/wheelchair-users and cerebral palsy/brain injury/stroke. Some of the events that will be held at the Turnstone Endeavor Games track and field competition include: 100m, 200m, 400m, 800m, 1500m javelin, discus, shot put, long jump and high jump. Medals will be awarded to the 1st, 2nd and 3rd place winners in each event for the following categories: classification, gender and ages 6 and under, 7-10, 11-13, 14-15, 16-17, 18-19, 20-22, 23-34, 34-49, 50-59 and 60+.

Goalball
Goalball

Goalball is a Paralympic sport played by athletes who are blind and visually impaired. Developed after WWII as a way to keep blinded veterans physically active, it has become the premiere game for blind athletes. Played competitively by men and women around the world, it is a very fast paced, physically challenging, strategic and exciting game. In goalball, two teams or three players each face each other across a court that is nine meters wide and 18 meters long. The object of the game is to roll a basketball sized ball with bells inside over the opponent's goal line. Once they are able to stop the ball and take control of it, they become the offensive team. Medals will be awarded to the 1st, 2nd and 3rd place winning teams for each age group: 10-14, 15-90.

 
 
Man playing power wheelchair soccer
Power Soccer (clinic)

Power soccer is the first competitive team sport created specifically for individuals who use power wheelchair. Eligible impairments include quadriplegia, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, and more. The sport is played in on a standard-sized basketball court. Each team is allowed 4 players on the court at one time, including the goalkeeper. Because of the two-dimensional aspect of this game (players are typically unable to kick the ball into the air), artificial space has to be created around the players.

Man shooting archery with mouth pull tab
Clinics

In addition to the eight sport competitions, the 2022 Turnstone Endeavor Games will also offer eight sport clinics. Clinics available will be outdoor archery, air rifle shooting, boccia, goalball, power soccer, swimming, track and field, and wheelchair tennis. The purpose of the clinics is to gain knowledge and experience in a sport you are new to and/or fine tune your skills under the guidance of high level coaches in their respective sport